How to Grow Carrots

Growing Carrots in a GardenWhether you’re a raw food foodie or an aspiring chef, carrots are must-have vegetables to have in your urban garden. So, why is everyone growing carrots (Daucus carota sativus / Apiaceae)?

Well, they’re body-boosting root vegetables with myriad nutritional benefits, they’re versatile and tasty (how many too-good-for-you veggies are delicious raw, cooked and used in sweet deserts?), and they’re not too hard to grow at all (given the right soil conditions). Plus, they come in a rainbow of colors. (Kind of like Skittles but without the plus-sized pants and cavities!)

So, what do you need to know to grow carrots on your own urban plantation? Here are some sowing, growing and harvesting tips that should help keep your carrot crop happy, healthy and productive.

Soil Conditions for Growing Carrots

If you’ve tried growing carrots before and ended up with twisted, crooked roots that frightened you a bit, it’s probably because you planted your carrot seeds in soil that wasn’t well suited for their deep-drilling nature. Here are some sun and soil recommendations that should help your next carrot harvest look as good as it tastes.

  • How to Grow CarrotsTo grow straight carrots, make sure that soil is deep, fine and free of rocks, pebbles, twigs and other obstacles. Clumpy, rocky soil won’t necessarily stop carrots from growing, but it will produce crooked, tangled roots (as the carrots try to grow around whatever is in their way).
  • To maximize germination rates for those devilishly tiny carrot seeds, make sure soil is fine, light and moist enough to prevent crusting. Sprouting carrot seeds will have a hard time breaking free of heavy soil with a crusty surface.
  • To help break up soil, try interplanting carrots with fast-growing root vegetables like radishes. (Another reason to learn how to grow radishes in your garden this year: They’re natural pest repellents that deter cucumber beetles.)
  • Plant carrots in full sun, where they won’t be shaded by taller plants.

How to Grow Carrots

If you’ve got the right soil conditions to grow carrots, then it’s just a matter of following a few sowing and cultivation tips to keep these root vegetables growing. For instance:

  • Try and maintain a regular watering schedule and/or even soil moisture. Alternating dry and wet conditions causes split roots.
  • Thinned Carrot SeedlingsUse row covers to prevent garden pests like carrot rust flies and carrot weevils from landing on young carrots and seedlings.
  • Keep soil temperatures between 60° and 70° F. (When soil temperature rises above 70° F, carrots have a tendency to turn out small and bland.)
  • Consider using mulch around your carrots to stabilize and moderate soil temperature and moisture levels.
  • To thin carrots (and encourage full-size, well-formed crops), use gardening shears to snip off the tips of crowded carrot seedlings. After thinning, remove plant scraps and cover your seedlings, as the scent produced from thinning attracts carrot rust flies.
  • For small container gardening, choose mini cultivars like Mignon or Little Fingers, and make sure that you plant them in the right size container.

Looking for more in-depth information on growing carrots (like preferred soil pH and planting depths)? Check out the Gardening Guides page for carrot-cultivating specifications and other gardening resources.

Images thanks to Caitlin Childs, color line and Nate Steiner!

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3 comments on “How to Grow Carrots

  1. I have a problem in my garden my root crops will not grow. Lots of top no bottom what can I do to help my garden? And one more problem. I never have female  blooms in Zucchini plants why is that? Thanks for your help

    • Hi Kathleen,

      Thanks for your questions, and sorry for the delay in response. Between spring gardening and sickness, I’ve been a bit AWOL from my keyboard lately.

      Well, as to only have female blooms on your zucchini plant, I’d question how old your plants are. I’ve always heard that the first couple of bloom cycles you should only expect male flowers. So, if your plants are young, you may just need to wait a bit longer until you see female blooms.

      As for your root crops, I’d definitely have to do some research as I haven’t had that problem yet. Is your soil in good condition (loamy, fertile, etc.)? Is it all of your root veggies or one or two types in particular?

      Thanks again for commenting. I hope we can sleuth this out!

  2. Pingback: Self-Pollinating Plants For Your Garden - gardenswag

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