When to Plant Vegetables: Planting Timetables

When to Plant Vegetables: Seedlings

When to plant vegetables has a lot to do with the climate you live in and what you’re growing in your garden. Use the planting timetables below to find out the best times to plant vegetables in your garden.

When To Plant Cold-Weather Vegetables

For the most part, these cold-season crops do best in temperatures between 55° and 70° F but can tolerate limited frost and cold conditions. This means that with the right tools and planning they’re suitable for winter and fall gardens.

Cold-Weather
Crops
Ideal Temperature
Range
When to Sow
Beet 55° and 70° F 2-3 weeks before last frost
Broccoli 55° and 70° F 12-14 weeks before 1st frost
Brussels sprouts
55° and 70° F 15-17 weeks before 1st frost
Cabbage
55° and 70° F 15-17 weeks before 1st frost
Kale
55° and 70° F 6-8 weeks before 1st frost
Kohlrabi 60° and 70° F 4-6 weeks before last frost
Leaf Lettuce 55° and 70° F 6-8 weeks before 1st frost
Onion 55° and 70° F 4 weeks before last frost
Peas 60° and 70° F 10-12 weeks before 1st frost
Radish 55° and 70° F 8-10 weeks before 1st frost
Spinach 55° and 70° F 6-8 weeks before 1st frost

When To Plant Cool-Weather Vegetables

For the most part, these cool-season crops do best in temperatures between 50° and 60° F (which means that they can tolerate some cold but no frost).

Cool-Weather
Crops
Ideal Temperature Range
When to Sow
Broccoli 50° and 60° F 12-14 weeks before 1st frost
Carrot 60° and 70° F 10-12 weeks before 1st frost
Cauliflower
50° and 60° F 12-14 weeks before 1st frost
Endive 60° and 75° F 4-6 weeks before last frost
Potato (white) 60° and 70° F Where cool, in spring. Where warm, in fall or winter.

When To Plant Warm-Weather Vegetables

For the most part, these warm-season crops do best in temperatures between 65° and 80° F and are easily damaged by cold and frost. In fact, they often rot in cold soil so they’re really only suited for warm growing conditions.

Warm-Weather
Crops
Ideal Temperature Range
When to Sow
Beans 65° and 80° F After last frost
Cantaloupe 65° and 80° F 2-3 weeks after last frost
Chard 60° and 80° F Where cool, 2-3 weeks before last frost. Where warm, fall to early spring.
Corn 65° and 80° F When soil reaches about 60° F
Cucumber 70° and 80° F Where cool, 3-4 weeks after last frost. Where warm, mid spring or summer.
Pepper 65° and 80° F Bed transplants 2-3 weeks after last frost.
Pumpkin 65° and 80° F 2-3 weeks after last frost or when soil reaches 65° F
Squash 65° and 80° F 2-3 weeks after last frost or when soil reaches 65° F
Tomato 65° and 80° F Bed transplants 2-3 weeks after last frost.

When To Plant Hot-Weather Vegetables

For the most part, these hot-season crops do need growing temperatures between 65° and 80° F, with long growing seasons that offer temperatures well into the 80s.

Hot-Weather
Crops
Ideal Temperature Range
When to Sow
Shell beans 65° and 80° F For continuous harvest, plant every 2 weeks for 4-6 weeks from spring to summer.
Eggplant 70° and 90° F Where cool, bed transplants 2-3 weeks after last frost. Where warm, bed transplants spring through summer.
Okra 65° and 80° F 4 weeks after last frost
Peanuts 65° and 80° F 2-3 weeks after last frost
Sweet potato 70° and 80° F Root indoors 8-10 weeks, then plant slips 4 weeks after last frost.
Watermelon 65° and 80° F Bed transplants 2-3 weeks after last frost, when soil is above 70° F.

For more nerdy ways to make your garden successful, check out the Gardening Guides page. There you’ll find all sorts of information on growing your favorite herbs and vegetables.

Image thanks to russellstreet!


Related Posts:

Have something to say?